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Jan 3, 2023
January 3rd, 2023

Quiz: What era has been referred to as “ One thousand years without a bath”?

Yesterday’s question answered below: Name an important event that occurred in 1923.
History for 1/3/2023
Birthdays: Marcus Tullius Cicero, John Paul Jones, Victor Borge, Zasu Pitts, Sergio Leone, Hank Stramm, Bobby Hull, Robert Loggia, Maxine Andrews of the Andrews Sisters, Ray Milland, Anna Mae Wong, Steven Stills, J.R.R. Tolkein, Victoria Principal is 72, Dabney Coleman is 91, Mel Gibson is 67. Thelma Schoonmaker is 83

1521- Pope Leo X excommunicated former monk turned Protestant leader Martin Luther. In Wurttemberg this day Germany former Luther responded by tearing up and burning the Pope’s decree, as well as the canon of Roman law.

1777- BATTLE OF PRINCETON- After his Christmas victory at Trenton, George Washington’s little army gave the main British army the slip, wheeled around behind them and surprise attacked another redcoat regiment at Princeton New Jersey.
As a young student Alexander Hamilton had failed the entrance requirements to study at Princeton University. Instead he went to Kings College, later renamed Columbia. Now as Major Hamilton of artillery, he had a pleasure rare among rejected college applicants- he got to fire a few cannon rounds at Princeton admission’s building.

1834- Tejano leader Stephen Austin traveled to Mexico City to put forward the grievances of his community to the Mexican government. Texians disliked that President Santa Anna had revoked the liberal Constitution of 1826 that had invited Anglo settlers to populate remote Texas. And they wanted Texas to be a separate state from the Mexican state of Coahiula. Up till then Stephen Austin had suppressed all talk of independence in order to work with the new regime in Mexico City. Santa Anna responded to Austin’s petitions by clapping him in jail. He was released a year later, and returned to Texas hot for independence.

1868- The MEIJI RESTORATION- the Tokugawa family had ruled Japan as Shoguns since winning their civil wars in 1603, keeping the Emperor as a figurehead. Their policy was isolation from the outside world. On this date a revolution occurred when radical samurai seized Kyoto Palace and overthrew the last shogun Yoshinobu Tokugawa. Japan would be under the direct control of the Emperor and form a parliament. Japan would end her enforced isolation, and modernize her society. The Emperor Meiji would also move the capitol from Kyoto to Yedo, already being called Tokyo- The Western Capitol.

1871- Henry Bradley patented margarine in the U.S. It had been demonstrated in the Paris Exhibition of 1867 as a butter that didn't spoil, so Emperor Napoleon III thought it was useful for his armies in the field.

1899- An editorial in the New York Times refers to the horseless carriage as an “Automobile”. This is the earliest known use of the word.

1925- Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini suspended democracy and his black shirted followers declared him Il Duce, or the leader. He became dictator of Italy.

1926- General Motors introduced the Pontiac brand of automobile.

1933- MGM Louis B. Mayer hired his son-in-law David O. Selznick to produce movies. At the same time he was begging his film workers to take 20% pay cuts because of the Great Depression, Mayer set Selznick’s salary at $4,000 a week. Newspapers joked “ The Son-In-Law Also Rises”

1946- Lord Haw-Haw, William Joyce, the English voice of Nazi radio propaganda broadcast from Berlin, was hanged for treason. Joyce was actually born in Brooklyn, but moved to England at an early age. He was nicknamed Lord Haw-Haw because of his stuffy upper class accent.

1953- Chuck Jones “Don’t Give Up the Sheep”, introduced Ralph the Sheepdog vs. Ralph (Wiley) Wolf.

1958- Howard Rushmore was the editor of Confidential one of the most ruthless scandal magazines in show business. This day for reasons never explained Rushmore murdered his wife, then shot himself in the back of a NYC taxicab.

1959- Alaska became the 49th state.

1967- Jack Ruby, real name Jacob Rubenstein, the murderer of Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, died of lung cancer in prison. To the end he was refused a meeting with Congress where he claimed he could discuss his patriotic motives for killing Oswald. Retired Mafia don Bill Bonano said Ruby being Jewish and not Sicilian, was the type of hood the mob used for clean-up jobs. That he was a soldier for Chicago boss Sam Giancana. Others say Ruby was just a two-bit loser who claimed he was more important than he actually was.

1973- Boatbuilding tycoon and George Steinbrenner led a group that bought the last place New York Yankees baseball club from CBS. "The Boss" becomes one of the more colorful baseball owners and propelled the Yankees into a new era of championship contention. Steinbrenner bought the Yankees for $10 million, and today they are worth several billion.

1977- Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ron Wayne file papers to form the Apple Computer Company. They announced the company April 1, 1976, considered the official birth of Apple.

2004- Following the success of the Mars Pathfinder Rover in 1997, Two more advanced probes Spirit and Opportunity were launched. This day Spirit landed safely on Mars and began transmitting. The JPL mission leader announced "We're Back...We're on Mars." Only supposed to last 90 days, Spirit transmitted for 6 years. Opportunity for 14 years.

2004- After partying New Years in Las Vegas, 22 year old pop star Britney Spears woke up and realized she had just married her friend Jay Alexander while drunk. Today she annulled it. Alexander, who listed himself as unemployed, was soon seen driving around rural Louisiana in a $90,000 BMW.

2021- Outgoing President Trump did not want to admit he had lost re-election. This day he held a marathon meeting with his own Justice Dept. trying to get a low echelon flunky named Clark named acting Attorney General, so he could issue an order voiding the results of the election. All seven deputy AGs said then they would immediately resign in protest. One said the Presidents ideas were “ batshit crazy”.
Yesterday’s Question: Name an important event that occurred in 1923.

Answer: The Walt Disney Studio founded. King Tuts Tomb opened, Tokyo and Yokohama destroyed in a huge earthquake and fire. The Beer Hall Putsch, Insulin invented. The First LeMans car race. President Warren Harding died suddenly and was replaced by Calvin Coolidge, the parents of Queen Elizabeth married.
Centennial Births, Henry Kissinger, Maria Callas, Betty Page, Charlton Heston, Roy Lichtenstein.